History of Japan

Ettinger avocados have a mild flavor and lower oil content than other varieties, and the fruits average ten to twenty ounces in size. The three main strains of avocados are the Mexican, the West Indian and the Guatemalan, the Ettinger avocado deriving from Mexican and Guatemalan types. The Ettinger avocado tree is very vigorous, and as a heavy bearer of fruit it is often the most profitable variety of many orchards. Unlike most fruits, the avocado is one of the very few that does not ripen on the tree, and so growers can keep mature fruit on the tree for several months, allowing for greater control of the harvest volume. Avocados are scientifically known as Persea americana Mill. Avocado varieties are further identified as being either Type A or Type B. It is a common misconception that these indicate male and female plant types that must be planted together for successful pollination, when they actually refer to the life cycle of individual avocado flowers.

Japanese Porcelain Marks

Early history[ edit ] The precise origins and early innovations of Satsuma ware are somewhat obscure; [1] however most scholars date its appearance to the late sixteenth [2] or early seventeenth century. Given that they were “largely destined for use in gloomy farmhouse kitchens”, potters often relied on tactile techniques such as raised relief, stamp impressions and clay carving to give pieces interest.

Collectors sought older, more refined pieces of what they erroneously referred to as early Satsuma. The resulting export style demonstrated an aesthetic thought to reflect foreign tastes. They were typically decorated with “‘quaint’ There was new interest in producing decorative pieces okimono , such as figurines of beautiful women bijin , animals, children and religious subjects.

Japanese porcelain marks The old Japanese ceramic industry was in many ways smaller in scale compared to the Chinese. Marks was also applied for different reasons that on the Chinese porcelain.

First class ‘Satsuma’ earthenware pottery painted in polychrome enamels and gilt with the ‘ Rakan’ and writhing dragons, the scales and other details picked out in low relief, between gold Shimazu mon’s. Kilns established in the Satsuma domain han in southern Kyushu by Korean potters in the late 16th century, initially producing stoneware covered with a thick dark glaze. During the mid 19th century the well-known highly decorated ware was created in an appealing oriental design that became an instant success on the export market while having a very limited appeal to the Japanese themselves.

The characteristic buff Satsuma earthenware body is slightly yellowish with a finely crackle glaze, does not have a “ring” when tapped and are also very light. All Satsuma wares was produced mainly for export to the West. The production was located in several cities such as Kyoto, Tokyo, Nagoya, Yokohama and elsewhere, with Kyoto as the main center of production.

Not even the presence of the Shimazu mon on the base of a Satsuma piece is a guarantee that the Satsuma object was actually produced in the actual Satsuma domain. Some of the finest earthenware Satsuma wares were produced outside of the Satsuma han area. Examples of this are Yabu Meizan whose studio was in Osaka and the Kinkozan studio, that actually was in Kyoto, and a whole number of other extraordinary Satsuma artists who worked in kilns scattered around Japan.

Yokohama might well only have been used as a decorating center and not an actual manufacturing base. Kyoto Satsuma Satsuma ware occurs in different qualities where the better and more elaborate of this kind are usually called just Satsuma while similar items but less elaborate, decorated on a heavier stoneware paste or on plain white porcelain, is called Kyoto Satsuma or Satsuma style decorated porcelain respectively.

Dating Wade Marks

They are ornately hand decorated and gilded in typical Satsuma colours and depict finely dresssed Samurai Warriors. There is some slight rubbing to the gilding but otherwise the vases are in excellent order, with no restoration. They are 31 cms high. Rams Head Antiques of Wolsingham, Weardale. Open Saturdays 11 – 5 or by appointment. You are most welcome to call and collect or delivery can be arranged at cost, unless free delivery is specified in the item description.

27 Is My Satsuma Pottery Genuine? Updated: 9th April I get messages over at our facebook page that accompanies this site, asking if pieces of inherited or bought pottery are genuine and if I can give an approximate value. Apart from people looking for information on Satsuma Pottery or getting a great deal on the eBay listings I provide on each page, this is the most common reason people.

Azuchi-Momoyama period The brief span of time during which first Oda Nobunaga and then Toyotomi Hideyoshi began the process of unifying the warring provincial leaders under a central government is referred to as the Azuchi-Momoyama, or Momoyama, period. The dating of the period is, like the name, somewhat relative. It should be noted that the rigid application of an essentially political chronology to developments in the arts can be deceptive.

Many important cultural figures were active not only during the Momoyama period but in the preceding Muromachi or succeeding Edo period as well. Similarly, artistic styles did not necessarily change with each change in political system. The work was painted on sliding doors but is now mounted as an eight-panel screen; in the Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo. The name Momoyama has since become associated, as has Azuchi, with the lavish and bold symbolizations of political power characteristic of the period.

The development of the castle also points up several salient features of the age: Courtesy of the Kobe City Museum The development of the visual arts during this period was characterized by the vigorous patronage of two groups: The masters of an unchallenged central government were supported by an emerging urban merchant class astutely aware of its pivotal role in maintaining the stability of the recently war-wracked nation. In addition, a much diminished aristocracy was still intent on retaining a hand in the arbitration of culture.

The Japanese castle that defied history

The Japanese have one of the longest continuous ceramic cultures in the world, with the earliest ceramics dating to around 10 BC. Tea ceremony from the 15th century The popularity of the tea ceremony from the 15th century fostered an aesthetic appreciation of ceramics, especially imported Chinese wares, which became valued as works of art. The strong demand for ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity during the Momoyama period , with thousands of kilns developing their own distinct regional characteristics.

Satsuma Buttons History Satsuma buttons are classified as ceramics, (products made of baked clay). The original technique of Satsuma is native to Korea, but after the Japanese invasion of Korea in by Yoshiro Shmaza, lord of the Satsuma Province, Korean artisans were Dating Satsuma buttons.

The leaves have a slightly fuzzy or hairy texture and are vibrant green on the top and green to purple on the underside. The leaves are highly aromatic and are grassy and herbaceous in flavor with nuances of mint, basil, and anise. Current Facts Perilla leaves, botanically classified as Perilla frutescens, grow on an annual plant that can reach up to ninety centimeters in height and are members of the Lamiaceae, or mint family.

Also known as Kkaennip, Kka Nnip, Beefsteak plant, Wild Coleus, Purple mint, and Shiso, Perilla is a term used to describe a variety of different species within the mint family. There is often some confusion surrounding the names for Perilla leaves because kkaennip or kka nnip in English translates to sesame leaf and as a result, many American recipes will refer to the leaf as such.

Sesame leaves have no relation to Perilla leaves and the sesame seeds that are commonly used on bread.

Saints A to Z: L

The dish is very finely hand-painted in the typical Satsuma palette of bronze, coral, greens etc with gilding and shows a beautiful pheasant sat among prunus and bamboo with lots of colourful chrysanthemum blooms. The dish is signed to the base and is in perfect condition, it measures 25cm in diameter. Rams Head Antiques of Wolsingham, Weardale.

How To Read Satsuma Marks. Even if you don’t speak, read or write Japanese, the markings on pieces of Satsuma pottery can be quite easy to decipher, providing that you follow some simple rules. To start, the markings are read in the opposite direction to English. Start at .

Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia. In Chinese, we get various ways of referring to India.

The modern form, , renders the name phonetically with characters of no particular semantic significance “print, stamp, or seal” and “a rule, law, measure, degree”.

Satsuma ware

Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia.

The typical Satsuma ware we most of the time comes into contact with is a yellowish earthenware usually decorated with a minute decoration with Japanese figures, expressive faces or detailed oriental landscapes, or sometimes embellished with vivid dragons in relief.

Satsuma The typical Satsuma ware we most of the time comes into contact with is a yellowish earthenware usually decorated with a minute decoration with Japanese figures, expressive faces or detailed oriental landscapes, or sometimes embellished with vivid dragons in relief. This ware is in fact an export product specifically designed in the mid 19th century to cater to the western export market.

The Japanese themselves had very little interest in this ware. From around the s to the early s at least twenty larger studios or factories were producing “Satsuma” wares of which much were of low quality and destined for the European and American export markets. Most of the marks below will detail this latter wares since this is what we see most of. At the same time, other artists were producing exquisite wares of the highest quality.

There were many masterpieces created during its heyday and several studios have created eternal fame for their names with these magnificent wares. Most high quality export ‘Satsuma’ is easily recognized by its finely crackled glaze and by the fact that its yellowish earthenware body does not “ring” when tapped. The production soon spread to several cities such as Kyoto, Tokyo, Nagoya, Yokohama and elsewhere throughout Japan, from the Meiji period up until today.

The original Satsuma Han however has a much longer history than that.

Japanese Porcelain Marks

To start, the markings are read in the opposite direction to English. Start at the top right hand corner and read down. If there are 2 lines of Kanji characters, move to the left and start at the top of the next line, reading downwards again.

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The following items can be found on the The Lanes Armoury website , with full descriptions, photographs and prices. Higo iron mounts with pure gold decoration, Higo tsuba with gold, decorated with two figures, one with a yari polearm another with a basket, one standing one seated, both with silver faces and hands. Black kuro kanshitsu ishime nuri and koiguchi saya, that looks stunning. The culture of the samurai traditionally revolved around Bushido. The philosophy of Bushido is “freedom from fear.

That gave him the peace and power to serve his master faithfully and loyally and die well if necessary. The most distinctive rebellion style battle wrap on the hilts was a uniform design that was said to have been undertaken on all of the samurai swords used in that last great campaign.

Modern Japanese Pottery and Porcelain Marks (窯印)

Dating made in japan labels for jars, you are here The producers were inventive and could readily deliver anything the export market demanded. Since the bottle appears clear or colorless, “B” is the answer that fits this bottle. Read through the introductory section of Machine-made Bottles for general information about machine-made bottles, then move on to the first question in that section – Question 8 – which deals with the glass color. On the whole Kutani porcelains are characterized by their elaborate picture decorations in thick gold, red, blue and some other colors.

Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; this is often but not always noted.

Backstamps and identifying marks for Japanese collectibles. H ome I dentifying marks U kiyo-e censor ceals T ime Warped News J apanese Pottery Marks A dventure Story M y .

The reforms nationalized all land in Japan, to be distributed equally among cultivators, and ordered the compilation of a household registry as the basis for a new system of taxation. The first two books produced in Japan appeared during this period, the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki , [38] which contain chronicles of legendary accounts of early Japan and its creation myth , which explains the imperial line being descendants of the gods.

His son Fujiwara no Mototsune created the office of kampaku , which could rule in the place of an adult reigning Emperor. Fujiwara no Michinaga , a skilled statesman who became kampaku in , governed during the height of the Fujiwara clan’s power [47] and had four of his daughters married to Japanese Emperors. The court became so self-absorbed with power struggles, and with the artistic pursuits of court nobles, that it neglected the administration of government outside the capital.

The imperial court was thus deprived of the tax revenue to pay for its national army. The central government began to employ these two warrior clans to help suppress rebellions and piracy. During this war, the Taira clan led by Taira no Kiyomori defeated the Minamoto clan. Kiyomori used his victory to accumulate power for himself in Kyoto and even installed his own grandson Antoku as Emperor.

The outcome of this war led to the rivalry between the Minamoto and Taira clans.

Pickled Shrimp and Satsuma Salad // Louisiana Love

Most imitations of the Vienna Porcelain Mark display the shield upside down making it appear like a beehive Even though many of the genuine Vienna porcelain marks will resemble a beehive, if turned upside down, there should be nothing else that indicates this is the correct way the shield mark is being presented. Basic rules to avoid imitations and misrepresentations include … 1. If the base marks include, Germany or Czechoslovakia, it is not authentic.

Early Japanese ceramics rarely had stamps or signatures, which can make dating some Satsuma ware difficult. One characteristic of earlier pieces, however, is a high-quality glaze and finish, as later mass production led to dramatically inferior works. [54].

That is, Karate is perfected only when both the mental and the technical physical are completed together. In Japanese, Karate-do means ’empty hand path’. This ‘Path’ or ‘Way’ as in ‘Do’ which is the Japanese pronunciation of the word ‘Tao’ is a spiritual journey of self discovery, not to be confused with Taoism.

In Karate, it represents the journey of mental and physical development through which each student must travel. We believe there is only one way to learn Karate-do; through commitment, effort, patience, and self discipline. There are no short cuts. Although self defense is the common denominator of all martial arts, if you take away the physical techniques from many martial arts, little is left. However if you take them away from true Karate-do, you will still find a strong spiritual, ethical and moral foundation.

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